The horse meat scandal of 2013 may feel like an event firmly in the past, but the fact that it still makes media headlines shows that there are still unresolved questions and lessons to be learned. Particularly for users of IT outsourcing, it can provide instructive lessons around the complexities of managing multiple suppliers in a highly sophisticated supply chain.
We found ourselves unwittingly tucking into pony burgers because the retailers had failed to keep track of an incredibly complex network of suppliers. And while those suppliers’ lack of quality control created the problem, the country’s supermarkets get the blame from the consumer, demonstrating that the one thing you can’t outsource is responsibility.
Outsourcing of IT services can be a particularly attractive solution to organisations for a number of reasons – removing the burden of day-to-day management of services, reducing costs and having the knowledge your infrastructure is in a ‘safe pair of hands’.
For these reasons, the market continues to burgeon with Gartner predicting that the worldwide IT outsourcing (ITO) market will reach $288bn in 2013. However, the ITO market is becoming much more complex, partly as a result of technology development and specialisation, and partly in response to downward pressure on costs from customers.
Ensuring That Outsourcers Deliver
Companies tend to buy on a ‘best-of-breed’ basis, selecting multiple vendors. The result is typically several ‘best-of-breed’ players in ‘service towers’ with little attention paid to how these different vendors will be coordinated into coherent single service provision. This leads to a confusing supply chain and one that demands more effort from the buyer than in the past when, historically, a single service partner might have delivered all these services and required less management.
If responsibility can’t be outsourced then it’s still the job of the business, and ultimately the IT department, to ensure that outsourced services are delivering as promised and to measure them accordingly. The question for many businesses is just how to do that? As standard, outsourcing agreements have Service Level Agreements (SLAs) in place; as such, many businesses think this protects them from poor service. However, if they aren’t looking at the right metrics, or indeed measuring them until the job is done, then they are running serious risks of delivering sub-standard service.
Putting The Right Tools In Place
How can IT departments avoid these kinds of issues? First, they must ensure that a service management layer overlays all the towers with their individual SLAs, and that this includes a good service catalogue with the SLAs clearly defined within it, as recommended by ITIL. This approach has recently been endorsed by the UK government with the publication of a draft Service Integration and Management (SIAM) framework. While this is primarily designed for the public sector, commercial organisations can learn from it in terms of controlling an array of ‘best-of-breed’ suppliers.
In parallel with the creation of this service management function, organisations also need to ensure that they have the right tools and processes in place to ensure that they can track performance and ensure coordination of the different suppliers. There is a range of increasingly sophisticated tools on the market which can deliver these requirements, including those required by SIAM, providing they are configured in the right way.
Ensuring That Metrics Really Measure
Most importantly, businesses should ensure they have adequately defined the metrics they need to track performance across the various service towers on a continuous basis. Defining these indicators is obviously complex, and will depend on each individual business’s requirements. But organisations can identify the right metrics for them by understanding their own level of maturity and how well the IT function is integrated into the wider business. Broadly, there are five key levers of ITSM excellence:
- Business alignment: monitoring how closely IT services are supporting the strategy and delivering customer satisfaction.
- Process: defining SLAs and tracking performance against them on an ongoing basis.
- Technology: measuring the investment, deployment and performance of infrastructure.
- Organisation: aligning people with technology, process and SLAs, and ensuring the right skills are in place.
- Culture: the experience of doing business with the IT function.
Learning The Hard Way
Corporations with multiple IT subcontractors and outsourced services need to ensure that they manage traceability and accountability on a continuous basis if they want to avoid damage to reputation that results from sub-standard IT services. There are process definitions, standards and products that exist to ensure greater compliance and quality control throughout the IT supply chain – businesses that do not embrace these, or fail to establish appropriate metrics, run the risk of uncovering poor outsourcer performance when the damage is already done.